There are several factors that can contribute to hair loss, stress, and hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy. The most common cause is hereditary hair loss, which affects as many as 80 million American men and women, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. While it is normal to lose small amounts of hair every day (most healthy people lose an average of 50 to 100 hairs on a daily basis), significant hair loss and the appearance of bald patches can be a sign of a hormone imbalance or hereditary hair loss (also known as male or female pattern baldness).
What Causes Hair Loss?
Everyone is vulnerable to losing hair at some point. There are a number of different factors that can cause mild to severe hair loss, either gradually or over a shorter period of time.
The good news is that most forms of hair loss can be treated successfully by a dermatologist. The first step in treating hair loss is to determine the underlying cause, which generally involves a physical examination of your hair and scalp, and a detailed medical history to identify potential genetic, medical, or lifestyle factors that may be contributing to hair loss. Some of the most common causes of hair loss are, Alopecia (hereditary hair loss) – Alopecia Areata is believed to be caused by an autoimmune condition and Cicatricial Alopecia results when scar tissue develops on the hair follicles.
- Medical conditions like anemia or thyroid disease
- Cancer treatment
- Hormones associated with childbirth or menopause
- Eating disorders and nutritional deficiencies such as lack of sufficient iron and protein in the diet
- Certain medications such as blood thinners, birth control, anabolic steroids, high doses of Vitamin A
Treatment options for hair loss vary depending on the cause. Some cases eventually resolve on their own without any need for treatment. Lifestyle modifications like better diet, or a new hair care routine will do the trick. Medication can also be used to reverse hair loss.